Total joint reconstruction (arthroplasty) Arthroplasty (total joint reconstruction) is a common surgery which is performed to relieve the joint pain and also to restore range of motion by realigning or reconstructing a dysfunctional joint. As a surgical procedure, is usually performed when a medical treatment has not improved function in the affected joint area. There are two types of arthroplasty surgeries performed: Joint resection Interpositional reconstruction Joint resection mainly involves in removing a portion of the bone from a stiffened joint area, increasing the space between your bone and the socket to improve the range of your motion. Scar tissue eventually fills the joint gap. Joint pain is relieved and motion is restored, but the joint will be less stabled. Interpositional reconstruction is a surgery to reshape your joint and add a prosthetic disk between the two bone joints which forming the joint. The prosthesis can be made of metal, ceramic material, plastic, or formed from such body tissue as skin, muscle, or fascia. When interpositional reconstruction fails, total joint replacement is necessary. Joint replacement is also called total joint arthroplasty. Arthroplasty is performed on people who are suffering from severe pain and disabling joint stiffness. Osteoarthritis (OA), a degenerative joint disease, is the most common condition causing joint destruction with pain and impaired movement.