Proctology is that the study of medical disorders associated to the colon, body part and anus. in more fashionable medical circles, the field is more usually stated as colorectal Surgery. Accordingly, proctologists, or colorectal surgeons, are specialists in the field of proctology. Many proctology procedures involve surgery, like in the case of colectomy, polypectomy, hemorrhoid banding or colostomy. In terms of diagnostics, colonoscopy is the most vital procedure because it permits doctors to examine the whole colon who signs of defects. What Diseases area unit Diagnosed by Proctologists? Your proctologist or colorectal surgeon could diagnose a variety of various conditions, but, in general, the scope of proctology is kind of targeted and limited. Some common disorders include: Hemorrhoids enlarged or inflamed veins close to the body part and anal area of the body, which can sometimes cause bleeding and pain throughout bowel movements Anal Fissures tears, rips or cracks in anal tissue as a result of hardened stool, overuse of the colorectal space or external causes Fistulas abnormal tissue connection between rectal tissue and anal tissue Constipation Fecal Incontinence inability to regulate bowel movements Rectal Prolapse structural malfunction of rectal tissue that causes rectum to stick out of the anus Imperforate Anus a birth defect characterized by a malformed anus in babies Chronic disorders such as inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Treatments: Colectomy, Colostomy, Polypectomy, Strictureplasty, Hemorrhoidectomy.