Vitreo-retinal surgery Vitreo-retinal surgery is the subspecialty subject of ophthalmology which will deal with the vitreous and retina-related diseases which are amenable to surgical or another sort of treatments. Above 50% of the patients requiring VR surgery present as urgent cases or surgery, let’s say, eye trauma and retinal detachment. Some other sight-threatening disorders which can be treated by VR surgeons will include epiretinal membrane, macular hole, complications of diabetic eye disease among many others. What is the vitreous? The vitreous is more likely the white of an egg which will fill the central cavity of the eye. It is attached to the retina in the eye. It is the most strongly attached to the eye in its back part to the optic nerve, the macula and also the large retinal blood vessels. VR surgery mainly involves the advanced microsurgical techniques and also the VR surgeons will typically undergo two additional years in the subspecialty training post completing their specialist ophthalmology training. Considerable investments in the staff training, equipment, support services are required in order to enable VR surgery. Being a result of it, not all the ophthalmology departments will provide a vitreoretinal surgical service and the patients might be in need to be referred somewhere else for the further treatment.